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مہوش علی نے 'پاکستان میں زلزلہ' کی ذیل میں اس موضوع کا آغاز کیا، ‏اکتوبر 8, 2007

  1. مہوش علی

    مہوش علی لائبریرین

    مراسلے:
    3,003
    عمران خان اور دیگر پولیٹیکل کالم نویسوں کے زہریلے پروپیگنڈے کو نظر انداز کرتے ہوئے ایک نیوٹرل رپورٹ

    [quote name='seacad' date='Oct 7 2007, 10:05 AM' post='968978']
    Pakistan quake recovery seen as success

    By MATTHEW PENNINGTON, Associated Press Writer


    ISLAMABAD, Pakistan - Two years after the earthquake that killed 80,000 people in the mountains of northern Pakistan, survivors struggle with landslides and sky-high prices to rebuild, but virtually all will have adequate shelter this winter.
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    The mammoth effort to reconstruct homes and amenities for 3.5 million people has been lauded by international donors as a model response to a massive natural disaster.

    Some 210,000 quake-resistant homes have been rebuilt and another 350,000 are under construction across the rugged terrain of Kashmir and North West Frontier Province, now dotted with new corrugated iron roofs and other signs of building activity.

    There have been setbacks. Monsoon rains slowed work and some international aid groups were briefly evacuated this summer when tribesmen in the quake zone destroyed their offices to display their anger over the deadly Pakistan army raid on Islamabad's Red Mosque.

    But now only 6,000 quake victims are left sheltering in tents, easing once dire fears of a humanitarian crisis in the harsh Himalayan winter that usually sets in by December.

    "There will be no problem whatsoever this winter. The whole area has changed," said Lt. Gen. Nadeem Ahmed, deputy chairman of Pakistan's Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority. He hoped that most houses would be finished by year's end.

    The magnitude 7.6 quake struck on the morning of Oct. 8, 2005, crushing residents in their mud-and-stone rural homes and thousands of children inside poorly built schools.

    A vast international relief effort, backed by Pakistan's army, staved off more deaths in the months that followed.

    The challenges of the $4.3 billion campaign to rebuild were, and remain, enormous: to construct 6,500 schools, 800 clinics and hospitals and repair 4,000 miles of roads; to cater for thousands of orphans, widows and hundreds of amputees and others disabled by their injuries.

    Ahmed said donors have made good on their funding commitments and Pakistan is in a position to rebuild back better, although for now, many schools and clinics are in prefabricated structures. He predicted that most reconstruction would be complete within three years.

    He said the two worst-hit towns, Muzaffarabad and Balakot, were being relocated.

    Survivors, recovering slowly from a disaster in which virtually everone lost at least one family member, are more pessimistic.

    Many complain about inflation in the cost of building materials and transportation and say that life in the harsh yet idyllic mountains of Kashmir — a disputed territory that is divided between Pakistan and India — will never be the same.

    "It will take many years to return my village and my home to the condition they were before the earthquake," said Mohammed Ayub, a 35-year old electrician as he received the last installment of the $2,900 grant from the government to rebuild his house.

    His elder sister was killed and his father was injured in the temblor at their home village of Hariala Gujrian, about 22 miles southeast of Muzaffarabad, the capital of Pakistan-administered Kashmir. He said it would cost $8,300 to rebuild their house and plans to work in the United Arab Emirates to raise money for his family.

    The minister for rehabilitation and reconstruction in Pakistani Kashmir, Naseem Khan, said the vast scale of the disaster meant it would take time to recover, but said progress was promising.

    "So far 70 percent of quake survivors have started the reconstruction of their houses in rural areas, and 98 percent of survivors have a roof over their heads," he said.

    Among the unlucky ones is Mohammed Zamir, 38, father of five living in Thotha village, 12 miles from Muzaffarabad.

    His family has suffered from the recurrent landslides that have always been a problem in this mountainous region but have worsened since the quake destabilized the terrain further.

    "Our land was damaged by landslides triggered by the earthquake and now we are living in tents on rented land," Zamir said. "NGOs gave us iron sheets to build a shelter, but we have nowhere to build it."
    http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20071007/ap_on_...JYsjfQ60aKs0NUE
    [/quote]
     
  2. مہوش علی

    مہوش علی لائبریرین

    مراسلے:
    3,003
    اور جو الزام لگا رہے تھے کہ پاکستان نے کشمیری برادران کو اکیلا چھوڑ دیا ہے۔۔۔ یہ اُن کے لیے:
    ؎
    [quote name='smegster' date='Oct 7 2007, 10:21 AM' post='968986']
    Kashmir rises from ruins of earthquake

    As the helicopter weaved between the craggy peaks of Pakistani Kashmir the sunlight glinted off countless steel roofs where a year ago there was little but rubble.

    Landing in a remote mountain village near the disputed border with India, General Ahmed Nadeem stepped from the cockpit with obvious pride. Two years ago on Monday this area was devastated by a huge earthquake, measuring 7.6 on the Richter scale, which killed 74,500 people and left 3 million homeless.

    On the first anniversary 2 million were still in temporary shelters, including 40,000 in tents, as the harsh Himalayan winter approached.

    Today, however, the story is refreshingly upbeat. More than 150,000 houses have been rebuilt, 200,000 more are under construction and all of the planned 600,000 will be finished by the middle of next year, according to officials from Pakistan and the UN. They describe this as one of the world’s most successful reconstruction operations — outstripping the efforts after the 2004 tsunami — and a model for the response to future disasters.

    They say that the success lies in a radical approach: giving money to victims directly and encouraging them, instead of non governmental organisations (NGOs) and aid agencies, to rebuild their homes.

    “We started with a lot of hiccups,” General Nadeem, the deputy head of Pakistan’s Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority, told The Times. “But when you look at the almost finished product now, it’s something very unique that’s been done on such a large scale.”

    There is a consensus among international aid organisations that Pakistan has made a surprising and exemplary recovery from its worst natural disaster. “When you fly over Kashmir you can hardly believe there was an earthquake two years ago,” Jean-Christophe Adrian, of UN-Habitat, the United Nations housing agency, said. “It’s really impressive — better than anything we have seen before.”

    Two years after the 2004 tsunami only 50,000 houses had been rebuilt in Sri Lanka, which is far smaller, more developed and less mountainous than Pakistan. Two years after Hurricane Katrina, 250,000 people are still waiting to return to their homes in New Orleans. “In Sri Lanka, if you were a lucky victim with a good NGO you were fine, but if you were unlucky you got a shack,” Mr Adrian said. In the confusion caused by reconstruction being delegated to dozens of international agencies and NGOs, millions of pounds of aid were wasted as corrupt officials siphoned off funds and local contractors overcharged foreign organisations.

    With £3 billion of foreign aid pledged — including £196 million from Britain — Pakistan’s problem was not how to raise funds, but how best to spend them. So it decided that, for the first time, all housing reconstruction funds would be given directly to the victims. Each was allocated 150,000 rupees (£1,200), paid in three instalments with regular checks to ensure that it was spent on building houses strong enough to resist another earthquake.

    The results were not always a success. Muzaffar, whose wife died with her mother and sister during the earthquake, still has not started to rebuild, saying that the money is insufficient and that the construction standards are too high. He says that the cost of labour and building materials has tripled in the last year. “People are still unhappy,” he said. “There’s been progress, but not up to expectations.”

    Aid workers admit that six months were wasted because the World Bank, one of the main donors, set construction standards too high, insisting that all houses were built of concrete and steel. Since January standards have been lowered to permit traditional building methods, using stone and wood. Reconstruction of schools is painfully slow — 800,000 children are still studying in tents — and public services have yet to be restored in many areas. On housing, however, the new approach appears to have paid off.

    “If the Government or NGOs had been doing it, there would have been a lot more problems,” Iftikhar Khalid, the deputy head of Oxfam in Pakistan, said. “This way, the people have ownership.”
    Earthquake Aftermath

    7.6 on the Richter scale

    74,500 people dead

    70,000 people severely injured or disabled

    3m homeless

    585,000 rural homes severely damaged or destroyed

    40,000 urban houses severely damaged or destroyed

    Sources: Times archives; Asian Development Bank; DFID; DEC; USAID

    Link
    [/quote]

     
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  3. سیفی

    سیفی محفلین

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    آپ انگلستان میں بیٹھ کر رپورٹوں پر انحصار کر رہی ہیں۔ زمینی حقائق یہ ہیں کہ اس بڑے کام میں حکومت کا کوئی خاص عمل دخل نہیں ہے بلکہ اکثریتی لوگوں کی اپنی کاوشیں ہیں۔ حکومتی کارندوں نے اپنے پیٹ بھرنے پر توجہ زیادہ دی ہے بنسبت متاثرین کی مدد کے
     

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